CODEO’s 2nd and Final Post-Election Observation Statement

Coalition of Domestic Election Observers (CODEO)


General Post-Election Observation 

The Coalition of Domestic Election Observers (CODEO) has been observing the general electoral  and political environment since the December 7, 2020 elections. The post-election observation  focused on 30 selected constituencies where some post-election developments such as electoral  violence and or election disputes took place in the immediate post-election period. CODEO  released its first post-2020 election observation report on Wednesday, February 3, 2021. In this  second and final post-election observation statement which focuses on the period January 26, 2021, to February 23, 2021, CODEO observer reports showed that the post-election environment  remained generally peaceful with no incidence of violence recorded. Observers indicated that they  did not witness or hear of any person or group of persons vandalizing properties in relation to the  2020 election outcomes. Observers also did not witness or hear of any election-related assault on  people/citizens in the constituencies observed.  

With regards to parliamentary election disputes,reports from the observers indicatedthat a number of cases  filed by some 2020 parliamentary candidates, including candidates of the New Patriotic Party (NPP) and  those of the National Democratic Congress (NDC) are still pending before various courts. Court  applications filed by some of the candidates are seeking cancellation and nullification of election results, 

while others are seeking for re-collation of results. Some of the constituencies affected by election disputes  in the courts include Hohoe in the Volta Region, Sefwi Wiawso in the Western North Region,  Savelugu in the Northern Region, Essikadu-Ketan in the Western Region and Techiman South in  the Bono East Region.  

The 2020 Presidential Election Petition 

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CODEO has noted the March 4, 2021 unanimous verdict of the Supreme Court which dismissed the  presidential election petition (the second under the 4th Republic) filed at the Court by the NDC’s  2020 presidential candidate, former President John Mahama, which sought essentially, to  challenge the validity of the presidential results declaration made by the Chairperson of the  Electoral Commission (EC) in the aftermath of the 2020 elections.  

CODEO commends Mr. Mahama and the NDC for pursuing their grievances through legitimate  election adjudicating channels, including the courts. CODEO particularly commends Mr. Mahama  for accepting the outcomes of the election petition despite his disagreement with the legal  processes and the Court’s verdict. CODEO also commends the President, Nana Addo Dankwa  Akufo-Addo and the NPP for generally conducting themselves well during the court hearings and  its aftermath. CODEO further urges all parties and candidates to use legitimate processes to resolve  any outstanding grievances. The Coalition believes that this second presidential election petition  under the 4th Republic will help deepen respect for the rule of law and further strengthen the  electoral processes through appropriate recommendations for electoral reforms. 

Recommendations and Conclusions 

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CODEO calls on the EC to, as part of its review of the conduct of the 2020 general elections, reflect carefully on its election results management processes and make appropriate reforms to  deepen stakeholder trust and public and confidence in electoral outcomes. In doing so, the  Commission must adequately involve relevant stakeholders such as political parties, Civil Society  Organizations (CSOs), the National Commission for Civic Education (NCCE), security agencies,  the National Media Communication (NMC) and the media, among others and take on board their  inputs. 

CODEO once again calls on the Inspector-General of Police (IGP) and the Ghana Police Service  to inform Ghanaians about the status of investigations into all incidents of electoral violence which  took place during the 2020 elections. CODEO reminds the IGP that he owes the Ghanaian public  a duty to provide such information, which will go a long way to bolster public confidence in the  criminal justice system. Thus, it will be a huge disappointment if the IGP and the Police Service  fail to live up to this expectation. 

CODEO also calls on the judiciary to expedite action on the various parliamentary election  petitions pending before the courts, while urging all parties to such disputes to remain calm and  allow the legal processes to conclude.  

Finally, CODEO commends all Ghanaians for their general conduct during the 2020 presidential  election petition proceedings and outcomes.  

CODEO’s post-election observation exercise is made possible with the generous support of the  American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). 

Dated: Thursday, March 11, 2021

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S/N  Region  Constituency
1.  Greater Accra  Odododoidio
2.  Greater Accra  Ablekuma Central
3.  Ashanti  Ashanti Akim North
4.  Ashanti  Ejura Sekyedumasi
5.  Ashanti  Tafo
6.  Ashanti  Asawase
7.  Ashanti  Fomena
8.  Bono  Dormaa West
9.  Bono  Banda
10.  Bono East  Sene West
11.  Bono East  Techiman South
12.  Ahafo  Asutifi South
13.  Ahafo  Asunafo South
14.  Ahafo  Asunafo North
15.  Oti  Nkwanta North
16.  Volta  Hohoe
17.  Eastern  Upper Manya Krobo
18.  Eastern  Akwatia
19.  Central  Awutu Senya East
20.  Central  Awutu Senya West
21.  Central  Ajumako Enyan Esiem
22.  Central  Upper Denkyira West
23.  Western  Essikadu-Ketan
24.  Western North  Sehwi Wiawso
25.  Northern  Kpandai
26.  Northern  Savelugu
27.  Northern  Zabzugu
28.  North East  Yagaba Kubori
29.  Savannah  Damango
30.  Upper East  Pusiga
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